How To Execute Mawashigeri Correctly
Mawashigeri is a circular kick, that you don't find in Kata.
Funny right? But whatever the original reason may be, it's CLEARLY an effective kick.
Mawashigeri should come from the side in a dead-straight, horizontal line. On Paper.
Some instructors or styles may emphasise that more than others though... and naturally: if the kick is Gedan or Jodan, the line will be more diagonal.
And practically? It totally depends...
So what does it mean?
Whether you kick...
- with the instep
- the ball of the foot
- or even with your shin...
...you MUST be able to kick in any angle. In that way, you can use it under many circumstances.
With that said... you need to know what to do physically.
Let's dive right in ⬇️
On this page you'll discover:
mawashigeri, step-by-step — including hidden exercise
Take left stance.
You may use other stances for practise, but this is the general one to start.
Raise your knee while keeping your posture as straight as possible.
Start your kick by bringing your knee straight up (Traditional Wado Mawashigeri). You may change kamae naturally, but do not separate the movement.
And did you notice? Kamae is not 'changed'. It's opposite.
Here's why: (3 reasons for kicking like this in basics)
- You can avoid moving your arms separately and away from your body. At this stage, you arms might have changed already.
- You'll prevent your body to lean back and especially away even before you need it for momentum or to kick high. In short: you avoid telegraphing.
- Your back hand allows you to use your shoulder blade and back muscle to "upright" your posture — minimal collapse of your spine.
Execute Mawashigeri as you pivot on your supporting leg. Keep your left hand in front of your chest, your right hand will tend to naturally position itself.
Note, that you can extend your arm on purpose for coordination. And when you advance in level, focus on "floating" your Kamae (relax as much as possible).
If you do a full Mawashigeri, your foot should point diagonally backwards as pictured. (When you're very flexible, you may not need to. BUT you'll probably lose ability to use your body to kick.)
Kick With Instep Or The Ball Of The Foot?
Instructors usually teach beginners to use the instep. It's not only easier, but also more popular. The ball of the foot is more traditional, yet more difficult to use.
kick with the instep of your foot
With the instep you can attack various parts of the body. You can reach long distanced easily for chudan, jodan and gedan attacks.
Don’t limit yourself to competition rules.
The instep is very useful for kicking the inside or outside of the knee or upper leg. You can even use it to sweep.
Let's study a few examples:
To solar plexus or the floating ribs.
As a low-kick to the leg
And if you can: Otoshi Mawashi to the side of the neck/collar bone
or use the ball of the foot for mawashigeri
Use the ball of the foot to attack various parts of the body.
An important note is that the angle of the ankle has not so much to do with the target, but rather with the angle of which you contact the target.
For basic training of Mawashigeri, bend the ankle and bend the toes upwards. Experiment using a streched ankle when doing Maegeri or a slightly bend ankle when doing Sunegeri.
The ball of the foot means focus on small targets such as the ears, jaw and temple.
And floating ribs.
Want more of this?
Discover the online course "Mastering Shiyobui"
This article and the videos are part of "Mastering Shiyobui", which covers how to turn your hands and feet into weapons, just as you've always imagined when you started Karate.
Just wait until you see the list. Ipponken, Nukite and Hiraken are the normal ones...
how to practise mawashigeri
If you analyse Mawashigeri, you can see that it consists of various different elements, which have to work smoothly. In sync. So what do you do, when you struggle with a specific element of the kick?
It's extremely good to isolate movement, so you can focus on that without any kind of distraction. Distraction means other elements that require your attention like balance, twisting, foot pivoting... etcetera.
The extension of the leg for example, is obviously one of the elements.
Here's how you can practise the leg extension WITHOUT any distraction 👇
If you perform Mawashigeri as you do in basics, you have to not only mind the extension of your leg, but also your balance, axis rotation, hip movement, kamae, pivoting of supporting leg.. etcetera.
All of these elements get in the way from focusing purely on the extension of your leg.
For that reason, you can practice lying down on the floor as pictured. This allows you to isolate the extension of the leg and practice without worrying about any of the other things mentioned.
And in case of the instep — it allows you to focus on the form of your foot.
Make it correct. And strong.
This method emphasises mainly two things.
One is becoming mahanmi (face your body the side) completely...
...and the other is balance and stability of axis rotation.
When you execute Mawashigeri for basics, you have to open up your hip completely: You should become Mahanmi. This method allows you to focus on this and check at the same time since you have to put your kick straight down after completion.
from the square-meter methods
Use Heisoku Dachi, so that you can prove that your axis rotation and balance is under your control.
Usually in basics you step through or step back, which allows you to correct your balance by adding movement. If you use Heisoku dachi, you cannot hide any balance issues.
Also, it helps you to focus on your Axis movement, because you have no intention to step through or go back. Or in fact follow up with any movement that can hide your inabilities...
Develop your muscles by doing 10 taps + knee raises. Technically, do 2 of those and then Mawashi. In the video, I’m emphasising HOW to tap + add a an additional Rebound Mawashi method.
from the square-meter methods
mawashigeri in official basics
Depending on the organisation you're in, they might give you different requirements.
For Wadokai Holland it's like this:
- Chudan Mawashigeri — with the instep
- Chudan Mawashigeri — with the ball of the foot
- Jodan Mawashigeri — either instep of ball of the foot
During examination we do about 4 repetitions in each direction. And they have to show these 3 first to show their ability.
But no matter which of these you have to show... you have to show the official way of how to kick Mawashigeri.
And in Wado, that's different from Shotokan 👇