Maegeri consists of two characters called Kanji.
Mae (前) means in front and Keri (蹴) means kick. For basics, Maegeri is Chudan. Chudan means middle level, so aim for the stomach on your centre line.
When you execute Maegeri for basics, use the following way and either step back into left stance or step through into right stance after kicking.
Every kick has these specific key points
Maegeri has the following specifics
Hikiashi is the name used for the pulling (hiki) of the foot (ashi), or perhaps better verbalised, the term used to describe the technical movement of the pulling of the foot.
The Kanji for HIki is 引き and 引 itself consists of two elements. The left part of the Kanji, 弓, means bow (like bow and arrow).｜does not have a meaning by itself, but can be interpreted as the arrow or the elastic. You could therefore conclude from the Kanji that Hiki means pull and perhaps in its original context referred to pulling back the elastic to prepare to shoot the arrow.
In Kyudo (archery) certain stages are used to shoot an arrow. They are Hikiwake (seperate), Kai (join) and Hanare (release). I will explain these terms briefly and connect them to Hikiashi.
It is like ready, set go.
Ready = Hikiwake
Set = Kai
Go = Hanare
The arrow has to be pulled away from the bow (Hiki) and thereby separating them more (Wake)It is to build up the tension to use the stored energy.
In the initial stage of a kick, pull your heel to your buttocks.
Kai means to join and refers to the accumulation of Shin Gi Tai. It is moment that the bow and arrow are at maximum tension. Kai, which translates to meet or join, in this case points to the becoming one of the body and mind and the bow and arrow.
Just before you kick, your heel should be as close to your buttocks as possible.
This is the moment of releasing the arrow, when the arrow is fired by the build tension (energy), while your posture stays correct and you maintain Zanshin.
The moment that you kick.
I demonstrate several training methods that you can use to practise Hiki Ashi in this video. Keep in mind that you can change emphasis and difficulty by adjusting or using for example either of the following:
In this video you will see how I have used the above mentioned points to adjust exercises.
This headline is actually not so appropriate, since correct depends on the situation and is therefore not a fixed answer. Furthermore, Wado always has a kind of leeway, as Sakagami sensei calls it. In other words, a margin. The strict thinking does not suit Wado thinking.
For basic training, your foot should be stretched with your toes pointing up. This implies the use of the ball of the foot. The necessity of stretching the foot, or actually increasing the angle of your foot compared to your lower leg, depends on the angle of the kick and the position of the target. If your opponent is leaning forward, you have to pull up your foot if you wish to use the ball of your foot for attack. This also applies to kicking lower targets such as the shin.
Maegeri Chudan with Gyaku Gamae
Attack the body targeting ribs, stomach and solar plexus.
Sunegeri with Shikaku
Stop his attack with a knife or dangerous weapon. Keep him at a distance and reduce risk of injury.
Maegeri can be executed with the hip either in Hanmi or in Shomen position.
Hanmi means that your hip is angled to about 45 degrees.
Shomen means that your body is facing straight forward.
The form that is commonly used is Hanmi maegeri. If you execute Maegeri and step through, as you do in Ido Kihon, your body will automatically turn Hanmi when you extend your leg and step through. You can also say that in case of Ido Kihon, Hanmi is the most natural way to kick.
The advantages of Hanmi maegeri
Reach and ease are two obvious advantages of Hanmi maegeri. It is after all more difficult to execute Shomen maegeri, because you have to stop your hip while it takes its natural course.
The biggest disadvantage of Hanmi maegeri
Your body will be in a vulnerable position. We explain in the video how this occurs and will show you with an easy to understand example.
In the front of the temple
Shomen is the place in the front of the temple where the Kamidana (also called Kamiza) is located. The Kamidana is exactly in the front, you look straight towards it. That is why Shomen is often used to describe a posture whereby the hip points straight forward. A more physical name is Mami.
Every disadvantage has its advantage
If I am not mistaken, the above is one of the quotes of John Cruijff, a famous football player from Holland. I think it is a brilliant quote and it also applies to this topic.
The moment that you execute Shomen Maegeri, you have to accept the loss of reach, but you get a stronger kick and position in return. In the video you can see how this affects the ability of your opponent when he tries to bring your off balance.