what is maegeri?
Maegeri consists of two characters called Kanji.
Mae (前) means in front and Keri (蹴) means kick. For basics, Maegeri is Chudan. Chudan means middle level, so aim for the stomach on your centre line.
When you execute Maegeri for basics, use the following way and either step back into left stance or step through into right stance after kicking.
Every kick has these specific key points:
- Pull your heel in as you raise the knee on centre line
- Keep the body straight
- Float your Kamae
- Apply Hikiashi after you kick
Maegeri has the following specifics:
- Thrust your hip forward
- Kick straight forward
what is the correct foot position for maegeri?
This sub headline is actually not so appropriate, since correct depends on the situation. It's not a fixed answer. Also, Wado always has a leeway, as Sakagami sensei calls it. In other words: a margin.
The strict thinking does not suit Wado thinking...
You may be wondering if that's a weakness or a strength?
As with anything, it totally depends on HOW you use the leeway.
NEVER use a leeway as an excuse for something you can't do. Or as a reason to suit your own purpose.
You can go the other way around which is also bad...
- Look at the picture and say that it's not correct because the line of the foot should be straight...
- Say that the toes must be more curled up...
...or whatever unimportant minorities you may find.
So what does matter?
- Alignment (that matches the structure of your body as well as the angle of attack)
- TORT = Timing Of Required Tension (WHEN you're tensing the REQUIRED muscles).
For basic training of Maegeri, stretch your foot with your toes pointing up. This implies the use of the ball of the foot.
The necessity of stretching the foot, or actually increasing the angle of your foot compared to your lower leg, depends on the angle of the kick and the position of the target. If your opponent is leaning forward, you have to pull up your foot if you wish to use the ball of your foot for attack.
This also applies to kicking lower targets such as the shin.
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The page on Maegeri is part of "Mastering Shiyobui", which covers how to turn your hands and feet into weapons, just as you've always imagined when you started Karate.
Just wait until you see the list. Ipponken, Nukite and Hiraken are the normal ones...
how to execute maegeri?
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"after" kicking, pull back with hiki ashi.
Hikiashi is the name used for the pulling (hiki) of the foot (ashi), or maybe better verbalised, the term used to describe the technical movement of the pulling of the foot.
The Kanji for HIki is 引き and 引 itself consists of two elements.
- The left part of the Kanji, 弓, means bow (like bow and arrow).
- ｜does not have a meaning by itself, but you can think of it as the arrow or the elastic.
You can conclude from the Kanji that Hiki means pull and originally referring to pulling back the elastic to prepare to shoot the arrow.
In Kyudo (archery) there are 3 stages to shoot an arrow.
They are Hikiwake (seperate), Kai (join) and Hanare (release). I will explain these terms briefly and connect them to Hikiashi.
It is like ready, set go.
- Ready = Hikiwake
- Set = Kai
- Go = Hanare
Pull the arrow away from the bow (Hiki) and separate them more (Wake)It is to build up tension to use the stored energy.
In the initial stage of a kick, pull your heel to your buttocks.
Kai means to join and refers to the accumulation of Shin Gi Tai. It is moment that the bow and arrow are at maximum tension. Kai, which translates to meet or join, in this case points to the becoming one of the body and mind and the bow and arrow.
Just before you execute Maegeri, your heel should be as close to your buttocks as possible.
This is the moment of releasing the arrow: Fire the arrow using the built tension (energy), while your posture stays correct and you maintain Zanshin.
The moment that you kick.
get sharper and faster hikiashi with these hands on training methods
A sharp pullback aka Hiki Ashi can create that whip-like effect you're looking for. And that's not only good for impact and balance — you also need it to follow up with more techniques quickly.
Keep in mind that you can change emphasis and difficulty by adjusting or using for example either of the following:
- Focus (on your hamstring instead of your heel or the other way around)
- Using support (or not)
- Standing up, sitting or lying down
- One leg at a time or alternating them
- Adding or limiting body movement
training methods for hikiashi
I show several training methods that you can use to practise Hiki Ashi in this video.
applications of maegeri
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Maegeri Chudan with Gyaku Gamae
Attack the body targeting ribs, stomach and solar plexus.
In basics, keep the foot straight. Practially, that might not always be the case. Be sure to practise with light contact with your partner. And do bag work.
Sunegeri with Shikaku
Partially blinding him, and at the very least distract him — kick his shin (SUNE) with the ball of your foot (or the tip of your shoe).
This kick is short, quick and painful creating a huge advantage. Time to follow-up, or run away.
Kingeri with Sticky hand
Defend with Haishu Uke without losing contact. Then quickly, and in one movement, kick him in the groin with Kingeri. It's a variation of Maegeri where you hit with the instep.